Last summer I began writing down my thoughts on RPG-style game inspired classrooms into a manuscript. I even finished a few chapters over the summer. Below is an excerpt from the raw (painfully so) manuscript chapter on the XP Grading overview. To set up the passage please note that I use experience points (XP) as my grading system. I have noticed over the last year or so that many gamified teachers use XP the way I use ‘gold’; as a behavioral tool orbside game reward. In a traditional RPG OR MMORPG the XP Leveling Up system is central to the gameplay experience and illustrates the progress (or growth) of the player more effectively and efficiently than any other tool in the designer’s toolbox. Since teachers are largely stuck with giving grades I have found that XP grading is the most effective tool for showing student growth (especially when paired with mastery learning) and for allowing students to individualize their experience.
The excerpt below is taken from the 2nd chapter of my manuscript and is the subsection and last 1/5 or so of the text.
XP Grading – Outlined
If you are teacher interested in transforming your class into a game like experience then XP grading is a vital step in the process. The XP grading system removes the punitive and confusing limits of the traditional grading and replaces it with one that illustrates student growth. It is the first step in treating the student like the player of the game and making them the center of the classroom universe. The following chapters will discuss how to set up questing, workflow patterns, grading and feedback loops, and other important elements of an RPG classroom but these are the essential elements of the XP grading system that are the foundation of student scoring and victory
- Every student begins at at level 1 with Zero XP. When a student enters the class they have not demonstrated competency with any skills or content.
- The syllabus (or “game manual”) should publish the XP-level-Letter grade chart. Students need to have a clear expectation of how to achieve the grade that they would like in the class. While in an RPG the levels may not be published up front the game play will naturally give the player a feel for the XP per level.
- Players go on quests or defeat enemies to achieve XP. Any activities that are normally graded or the teacher would like to incentivize can be included as ways to earn XP. In the next chapter I offer some guidelines but as a rule of thumb the majority of the XP should come from competency based learning activities.
- Experience cannot be taken away (mostly) and grades only go up. Once XP is earned it should not be taken away. This removes the punitive aspect of some grading systems. I have two exceptions. The first is cheating, especially plagiarism, as it means the XP was gained without a true demonstration of mastery. The second is a requirement in my district that a final exam must count for 20% of the average. Because of this rule the XP grade can only count for 80% of the average and the final might pull down an average. You might find a need to improvise a similar system based on your legal requirements.
- Make students aware of XP value before assigning the work. I argue that students need to have choices in their assignments. Publishing XP value before the assignment begins allows students to make meaningful choices.
- XP weighted according to difficulty or value. There is no hard and fast rule as to what is most important in a classroom; however as a rule more difficult assignments should receive more XP. One caution: some students will grab for higher XP even though their skill level is high enough for the challenge. This will require some conferencing and understanding of “Flow”.
- Teacher determines the XP value of the assignment (mostly). Again, there is now rule as to the value of an assignment. Each school/district/state might have rules about what assignments are required and how much it should be weighted. Also, I sometimes allow students to negotiate XP value; especially when they unlock the “Choose Your Own Adventure” option.
- Develop a system for student XP awareness. Students should be aware of their XP count and level at any given time. Knowing how close they are to the next level can be a motivation. It also helps with parent/teacher/student communications.
- A student should be able to reach about a level every 1-2 class meetings.
- Celebrations are important. This can be a simple as a congratulations from the teacher for gaining a level or as elaborate as a rank promotion ceremony with music and a photograph. The important thing is to recognize the students’ persistence and competence in achieving.
Positives of the XP System – Overview
- Shows progress throughout the grading period. Unlike traditional grading systems, XP grading gives an illustration of progress and growth. This will help the teacher describe to the student how far the student has developed in terms of the necessary skills and content acquisition for the class.
- Grade ONLY goes up. Students love the fact that their grades are locked in and that they will never go down. It is also essential to show progress.
- Even poor students see improvement.
- Every student can set a target for what grade they would like and can then create a plan to achieve that score.
- It is motivating because the XP needed to level up is always within reach.
- It is a fair. Knowing the amount of XP for each assignment combined with clear expectations for how to demonstrate mastery of that task allows students set their own path.